fé (Old Norse, Younger Futhark)
feoh (Old English, Futhorc)
cattle, possibly sheep
“f” as in “fee”
Associated Concepts and Interpretations
Cattle, sheep, livestock
Luck or hamingja (also: personification or presence of a guardian spirit)
Money, gold, wealth (especially mobile)
Passion, sexual energy
Reward or gain
Sharing of prosperity and wealth
Warnings against excess, greed, materialism, hoarding
Associated Rune Poems
(as translated by Bruce Dickins, 1915; public domain)
A number of interpretations are derived from the various runic poems and those associated with this rune (where available) are included below for further consideration.
Fé vældr frænda róge; føðesk ulfr í skóge
Wealth is a source of discord among kinsmen; the wolf lives in the forest.
Fé er frænda róg ok flæðar viti ok grafseiðs gata aurum fylkir.
Wealth -- Source of discord among kinsmen and fire of the sea and path of the serpent
Feoh byþ frofur fira gehwylcum; sceal ðeah manna gehwylc miclun hyt dælan gif he wile for drihtne domes hleotan
Wealth is a comfort to all men; yet must every man bestow it freely, if he wish to gain honour in the sight of the Lord
A list of references is available.
Audio associated with this rune is a creation of the author’s and is released to the public domain. Back-linking and attribution are appreciated, but not required, for use.
last updated: 21 nov 2022