Alternative names: eoh, ihwaz, iwarz, ih, yr, er
Sound: uncertain; proposed are “ee” as in “need” or “a” as in “cat”
Associated Concepts and Interpretations
Change/leaving behind old ways/transformation
Death/cycle of life-death-rebirth
Defense against danger/bow/protection
Gateway/threshold to the underworld
Link between worlds
Overcoming obstacles/following flow
Past life recall
Union of opposites/paradox
Yggdrasil/world axis/axis mundi
Associated Rune Poems
(as translated by Bruce Dickins, 1915; public domain)
A number of interpretations are derived from the various runic poems and those associated with this rune (where available) are included below for further consideration.
ᛦ Ýr er vetrgrønstr viða; vænt er, er brennr, at sviða
ᛦ Yr Yew is the greenest of trees in winter; it is wont to crackle when it burns
ᛦ Ýr er bendr bogi ok brotgjarnt járn ok fífu fárbauti arcus ynglingr
Yr - Yew Bent bow and brittle iron and giant of the arrow
ᛇ Eoh byþ utan unsmeþe treow, heard hrusan fæst, hyrde fyres, wyrtrumun underwreþyd, wyn on eþle
Eoh The yew is a tree with rough bark, hard and fast in the earth, supported by its roots, a guardian of flame and a joy upon an estate
last updated: 05 jan 2022
A list of references is available.
Audio associated with this rune is a creation of the author’s and is released to the public domain. Back-linking and attribution are appreciated, but not required, for use.