Last updated: 05 Dec 2021
This is a work in progress and not all runes are currently populated with interpretations. If clicking on the name of the rune leads to an image of the rune instead of a page of interpretation specific to that rune, it means a page has yet to be developed.
These interpretations of the runes are both based on personal reflection and from a number of different sources, prone to modification as time goes on and my understanding of the runes grows. I do not pretend to be an authority on the meanings of the Elder Futhark runestaves — just an amateur enthusiast. For more reliable interpretations uncolored by my own understandings, please refer to one of the sources identified at the bottom of this page.
All images above are from wikimedia commons and considered public domain.
Rune and related references
Chamberlain, Lisa. Runes for Beginners: A Guide to Reading Runes in Divination, Rune Magic, and the Meaning of the Elder Futhark Runes. (2018) Kindle Edition.
Davidson, H.R. Ellis. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. (1990) Kindle Edition.
Lindow, John. Norse Mythology: A Guide to Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs. (2002) Kindle Edition.
Mountfort, Paul Rhys. Nordic Runes: Understanding, Casting, and Interpreting the Ancient Viking Oracle. (2003) Kindle Edition.
Paxson, Diana L. Taking Up the Runes: A Complete Guide to Using Runes in Spells, Rituals, Divination, and Magic. (2005/2021)
Thorsson, Erik. Runecaster’s Handbook: The Well of Wyrd. (1999) Kindle Edition.
Tyriel. runsecrets.com (accessed 2021).